Along these lines, Humphreys anticipated the present focus on performances and on the fresh destabilization off sexual kinds

Along these lines, Humphreys anticipated the present focus on performances and on the fresh destabilization off sexual kinds

This distanced them away from the psychoanalytical method and regarding one from Alfred Kinsey and that, even though accepting brand new personal genesis of your own homo- and you may heterosexual categories, continued to focus on sexuality once the customized and you can objectively measureable looks practices that happen to be linked to excitation and climax

Exactly what have marked new ages within these so-named fraction parts is because they have likewise feel seen as “political” inside a vision from community one to observes stamina not just in the state, and also in the pub, the office, a healthcare facility, in house plus in bed [ ] It is truthfully this period in which Michel Foucault has begun so you’re able to compete with the old heroes for primacy for the bibliographies off individual science courses in the colleges (Fry and you will MacRae, ). 17

The fresh new determine regarding Foucault, however, should be established when you look at the several sources that have sparked research and meditation from sexuality among Brazilian anthropologists during this period. 18 Foucault is not within the bibliography regarding Fry’s very first post from homosexuality and you can African-Brazilian cults, where in fact the blogger merchandise his first types of the machine out of sexual classification that makes up the hierarchical model plus that he formulates an interpretation of your own meaning of sexual categories on the concept of what is actually socially said to be “central” or “normal” and you will what’s considered “marginal” otherwise “deviant”. Fry’s dialogue right here evokes, simply, symbolic interactionism and, even more specifically, Howard Becker’s particular “brands principle” (1973) and its ethnographic software on the examination of masculine homosexuality, especially the latest groundbreaking and you will debatable study Tearoom trading, compiled by Laud Humphreys. Published from inside the 1970, Humphreys’ book taken care of the fresh new personal organization out of unpassioned sex ranging from dudes in public areas room, carefully detailing the fresh affairs and you will categories of males who practice sexual contact in public bathrooms (Humphreys, 1970). 19 An amazingly significant product of the time, Humphreys’ ethnography mixed antique presuppositions of a reliable linkage ranging from sexual methods and you may identities. It demonstrated personal men’s’ room were not a conference section to have “normal homosexuals”, but were actually “a great kaleidoscope away from sexual fluidity” 20 . 21

Humphreys’ functions was in itself the result of some inclinations within this United states sociology from inside the 1960s including Becker’s reconceptualization away from “deviance”, Goffman’s personal drama method and you will Garfinkel’s ethnomethodology. It absolutely was in addition to dependent on this new practical, denaturalizing and you may anti-psychological method developed by John Gagnon and William Simon, hence formulated of one’s “sexual” given that a normal public procedure, the fresh good fresh fruit of an elaborate set of transactions and you may societal definitions that have been played in other niches out of lifestyle. Work of these article authors is actually designated of the jobs to understand the contingent and you may historic suggests by which somebody soaked up life styles and put him or her with the habit, hence creating and you will changing their own attitudes and presentations away from by themselves. This kind of means was expressed from the use of the metaphor of one’s “career”, which obtained a crucial role on the reflections of numerous ones sociologists. twenty-two

Until throughout the 1975, the new resistance governmental parties noticed the new feminist, Black and you can homosexual moves to-be unimportant on complete fight, which had been found to be ruled by the matter of inequality ranging from personal categories

Regardless of if these types of article writers do not entirely share a similar theoretic background and affiliations, what they had in common is a standpoint that any individual behavior, including the sexual, is actually usually published to ethical evaluation and you may was thus a social performing. Brand new sociologists, in comparison, just recognized methods away from identities, and also found to comprehend the methods in which sexuality try regulated and you will reinvented on the societal correspondence vibrant as the newest process away from structuring categories and therefore (credit jargon dependent on vintage French sociology) we could name “social representations”.

Tinggalkan Komentar

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan. Ruas yang wajib ditandai *